Spin-Hall Nano-oscillator with Oblique Magnetization and Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya Interaction as Generator of Skyrmions and Nonreciprocal Spin-waves

  • Authors:
    A. Giordano (UNIME), R. Verba (National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv), R. Zivieri (Univ. of Ferrara), A. Laudani (University of Roma Tre), V. Puliafito (UNIME), G. Gubbiotti (University of Perugia), R. Tomasello (University of Perugia), G. Siracusano (UNIME), B. Azzerboni (UNIME), M. Carpentieri (Politecnico di Bari, Italy), Andrei Slavin (Oakland Univ.), G. Finocchio (UNIME)
    Publication ID:
    P090254
    Publication Type:
    Paper
    Received Date:
    7-Feb-2017
    Last Edit Date:
    7-Feb-2017
    Research:
    2398.003 (University of Nebraska/Lincoln)

Abstract

Spin-Hall oscillators (SHO) are promising sources of spin-wave signals for magnonics applications, and can serve as building blocks for magnonic logic in ultra low power computation devices. Thin magnetic layers used as “free” layers in SHO are in contact with heavy metals having large spin orbital interaction, and, therefore, could be subject to the spin-Hall effect (SHE) and the interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (i-DMI), which may lead to the nonreciprocity of the excited spin waves and other unusual effects. Here, we analytically and micromagnetically study magnetization dynamics excited in an SHO with oblique magnetization when the SHE and i-DMI act simultaneously. Our key results are: (i) excitation of nonreciprocal spin-waves propagating perpendicularly to the inplane projection of the static magnetization; (ii) skyrmions generation by pure spin-current; (iii) excitation of a new spin-wave mode with a spiral spatial profile originating from a gyrotropic rotation of a dynamical skyrmion. These results demonstrate that SHOs can be used as generators of magnetic skyrmions and different types of propagating spin-waves for magnetic data storage and signal processing applications.

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